Berlucchi’s vineyards, now totally converting to organic viticulture, cover over 500 hectares, between estate vineyards and those in the hands of trusted, long-term growers. The estate vineyards were completely re-planted in the late 1990s.
Today, high-density planting, spurred-cordon training, precision cover-cropping, and pre-harvest cluster-thinning yield clusters that are few in number but of the highest quality, outstanding foundations for producing a great Franciacorta.
An exceptional foundation enhanced by striving for a vine balance that is the result of a deep understanding of the vineyard itself, which Berlucchi agronomists obtain in turn from the Thousand and One Vines project, in which all of the estate vineyards were analysed and classified, resulting in a comprehensive and reliable “identity card” for each. That information makes it possible for the winemakers to match the character of each wine to the individual qualities of the soils that produce the grapes.
Subsequently, the vineyards were mapped by infrared aerial photography, which produced vine-vigour maps that made it possible to ascertain the fertility of the various vineyard parcels, so that fertilisation could be applied only where strictly necessary and the grapes could be picked exactly when desired. The vineyards became as well a “laboratory beneath the sky,” to test new molecular compounds that prevent the major fungal attacks. Already in use is sexual-confusion pheromone technology, which reduces numbers of the grapevine moth, as well as the Biopass project soil analysis, which has confirmed the presence of a multitude of life forms in the vineyard soils.